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Photographs supplied by Diane Watson
The pine tree commemorates those who served in World War One. 


The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.


Address:Oxley & Richard Streets (Mitchell Highway), Central Park , Bourke, 2840
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -30.089798
Long: 145.937722
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Actual Event Start Date:04-August-1914
Actual Event End Date:28-June-1919


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Wednesday 25th April, 2001
Left Side Inscription
Lone Pine
(Pine halepensis) 
During the Gallipoli campaign 1915 a sector known as "Lone Pine" was won by Anzac troops. A solitary pine tree once grew there; this tree became a battle casualty. One of three Australian brothers who took part in that successful charge, Benjamin Smith, plucked a pine cone from a shattered branch which had been used by Turkish defenders to disguise a trench.

Benjamin Smith sent this cone home to his mother, from which Mrs Smith successfully propagated two young trees, one of these trees was presented to the Australian War Memorial Canberra. In memory of one of the brothers killed and all sons lost at Gallipoli. 

From the seed of the latter tree, this young tree has been grown and planted to honour the memory of all who fell in defence of our way of life by the Council of the Shire of Bourke, on this first Anzac Day of the 21st century. 

Mrs Smith farewelled three sons to Gallipoli, two survived, one died. from the pine cone Benjamin sent home his mother planted three seeds, one for each son. two survived. one died. 
Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au