Aleppo PinePrint Page Print this page


Photographs supplied by Peter F Williams

The Aleppo pine tree (Pinus halepensis) commemorates those who served in World War One.

The Aleppo Pine is one of two species of pine at Gallipoli, the other being the Lone Pine (Pinus brutia). 


Address:Calle Calle Street, War Memorial, Imlay Memorial Park , Eden, 2551
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -37.065307
Long: 149.909655
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Actual Event Start Date:04-August-1914
Actual Event End Date:28-June-1919


Front Inscription

Aleppo Pine
Descendant Of The Original
Lone Pine Of Gallipoli
Lest We Forget


Australian soldiers at Gallipoli knew Plateau 400 or "Lone Pine " the scene of fierce hand-to-hand combat in World War 1. A solitary "Aleppo Pine " bore silent witness to the heroism and tenacity of Australians who fought there.

At 5.30pm on 6th August 1915, Australians of the First Brigade attacked Turkish trenches under machine and artillery fire. They removed the roofing over the trenches and jumped in below. After savage hand-to-hand fighting the trenches were taken by 6pm. Attack and counter-attack continued until 10th August when fighting ceased and the position was firmly held by the Australians. Of the six Australian battalions involved; eighty officers and 2197 men were lost in the battle for Lone Pine. The Turks lost between 5000 and 6000.

During the evacuation of Gallipoli thirty-three men of the 24th Battalion mounted a gallant rear-guard action to keep up the pretence the Lone Pine trenches were still occupied. They destroyed the remaining guns and embarked before daylight, less than two hours before a storm blew up which would have made withdrawal impossible.

During the withdrawal, Sgt Keith McDowell picked up a pine cone from the tree and placed it in his haversack. On returning to Australia he gave it to his aunt, Mrs Emma Gray of Grassmere, Victoria. Twelve years later Mrs Grey planted some seeds from the cone and it sprouted and grew into little trees. Since then many trees have been planted in memorial sites throughout Australia. The Eden tree was donated by Mr A.G. Bennett OAM, President of the Cann River RSL Branch.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au