www.monumentaustralia.org.au

Malaya

This category contains the public monuments and memorials which have been erected to commemorate the Malayan Emergency from 1950 to 1960.

The Malayan Emergency was declared on 18 June 1948, after three estate managers were murdered in Perak, northern Malaya, by guerrillas of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), an outgrowth of the anti-Japanese guerrilla movement which had emerged during the Second World War. Despite never having had more than a few thousand members, the MCP was able to draw on the support of many disaffected Malayan Chinese who were upset that British promises of an easier path to full Malayan citizenship had not been fulfilled. The harsh post-war economic and social conditions also contributed to the rise of anti-government activity.

Prolonged operations were undertaken against the communists in an effort to destroy their base of support in local communities and to drive them into the jungle, where it would be difficult for them to receive supplies from supporters.

Australia's involvement began in 1950 with the arrival of Royal Australian Air Force and personnel in Singapore.  By October 1955, when the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2RAR), arrived in Penang, the outcome of the Emergency was no longer in doubt, although a lengthy mopping up stage followed, largely undertaken by Australian troops. Over the next 20 months, as part of 28 Commonwealth Brigade, 2RAR participated in a variety of operations, mainly in Perak, one of the main areas of communist activity.

2RAR left Malaya in October 1957 and was replaced by 3RAR in the same month. By late 1959 operations against the communists were in their final phase and many communists had crossed Malaya's northern border into Thailand. 3RAR left Malaya in October 1959 to be replaced by 1RAR. Although operating in the border region 1RAR made no contact with the enemy and was forbidden to move into Thailand

As the threat continued to dissipate, the Malayan government officially declared the Emergency over on 31 July 1960, though 1RAR remained in Malaya until October the following year, when 2RAR returned for a second tour. In August 1962 the battalion was committed to anti-communist operations in Perlis and Kedah, completing its tour in August 1963.

Australian ground forces in Malaya formed part of Australia's contribution to the British Commonwealth Far East Strategic Reserve, which was established in 1955 primarily to deter external communist aggression against countries in south-east Asia, especially Malaya and Singapore.

Thirty-nine Australian servicemen were killed in Malaya, although only 15 of these deaths occurred as a result of operations, and 27 were wounded, most of whom were in the army.

Click here to perform a specific search on the `Conflict - Malaya` Sub Theme

Malaya Memorial
Malaya Memorial
Address: Cutting Road, Goolwa RSL
City/Town: Goolwa
State: SA
Theme: Conflict
Sub-Theme: Malaya
Malayan Emergency Memorial
Malayan Emergency Memorial
Address: Shoalhaven Heads Road & David Berry Street, Shoalhaven Heads Memorial Park
City/Town: Shoalhaven Heads
State: NSW
Theme: Conflict
Sub-Theme: Malaya
Malayan Emergency Memorial Plaque
Malayan Emergency Memorial Plaque
Address: High Street, Templestowe Memorial Reserve
City/Town: Templestowe
State: VIC
Theme: Conflict
Sub-Theme: Malaya
Malayan Memorial
Malayan Memorial
Address: Art School Road & Tower Road, Geelong Grammar School Chapel
City/Town: Corio
State: VIC
Theme: Conflict
Sub-Theme: Malaya
Proudly sponsored by UBC Web Design