100th Anniversary of Anthrax VaccinePrint Page Print this page

Anthrax Vaccine Inscription Plaque : 27-03-2014
Anthrax Vaccine Inscription Plaque : 27-03-2014
Photographs supplied by Sandra Brown
The memorial, erected by the citizens of Ardlethan, commemorates the 100th anniversary of the development of the first single dose of anthrax vaccine by John Gunn of Yalgogrin Run in 1897.

John Gunn built his own laboratory in 1890 on Yalgogrin Run the property he was managing for R Goldsbrough and Co. Anthrax was the scourge of the industry at the time, killing more than 30 per cent of sheep flocks and other livestock with more than 270,000 sheep known to be lost to the disease in the Riverina District. The double dose vaccine developed in 1881 by the Louis Pasteur Institute in Paris could not survive shipment or outback climatic conditions, and the regime of two vaccinations administered fourteen days apart was a particular problem on the sprawling Australia sheep runs.

John Gunn had many supporters in his endeavour, including Frank Stewart of Bygoo Station, Ardlethan, and Arthur Devlin of Uarah Station near Grong Grong. Devlin had begun work in 1890 with French scientists in an attempt to manufacture the French vaccine in Sydney, but by 1897, John Gunn succeeded in producing a serum which was effective in one dose and could be kept almost indefinitely. His first attempt to reproduce the serum was unsuccessfull, but fortunately this was achieved a few days later by John McGarvie Smith. The two men formed a partnership which continued until Gunn’s death in 1910.



Address:Ariah Street, Stewart Park, Ardlethan , 2665
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -34.357471
Long: 146.900657
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Technology
Approx. Event Start Date:1897
Approx. Event End Date:1997


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Sunday 9th March, 1997
Front Inscription

This Memorial Erected By The Citizens

Commemorates The 100th Anniversary Of The Development
Of The First Single Dose Anthrax Vaccine, By
John Alexander Gunn, Manager Of Yalgogrin Run In 1897

Anthrax Annually Claimed 30% Of Sheep Flocks
And Other Livestock
Unveiled On 9th March, 1997
Dr Ian Gunn, Grand Nephew Of John Gunn


Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au