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The monument commemorates the scientist Albert Einstein.

In 1922, the international scientific community was focused on an expedition in Australia to photograph a total eclipse due on 21 September to prove Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. Wallal Downs Station was deemed the most ideal place on Earth to view the forthcoming total eclipse of the Sun.

There was little in Wallal except for a cattle station and a telegraph and many scientists were sceptical about leading a complex scientific expedition to this remote location in Australia. The expedition, led by William Campbell from the Lick Observatory (U.S.A.), was comprised of people from multiple countries and included astronomers, filmmakers, aviators, physicists, mathematicians, and computer scientists. Local astronomers from the Perth Observatory also joined the expedition. Precise measurements of the apparent position of the stars near the eclipsed Sun were photographed at Wallal providing the comprehensive evidence to support Einstein’s revolutionary Theory of General Relativity.

Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. In 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905 he obtained his doctor’s degree.

During his stay at the Patent Office, and in his spare time, he produced much of his remarkable work and in 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Berne. In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, returning to Zurich in the following year to fill a similar post. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. He became a German citizen in 1914 and remained in Berlin until 1933 when he renounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to America to take the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton. He became a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.

At the start of his scientific work, Einstein realized the inadequacies of Newtonian mechanics and his special theory of relativity stemmed from an attempt to reconcile the laws of mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. He dealt with classical problems of statistical mechanics and problems in which they were merged with quantum theory: this led to an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light with a low radiation density and his observations laid the foundation of the photon theory of light.

In his early days in Berlin, Einstein postulated that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also furnish a theory of gravitation and in 1916 he published his paper on the general theory of relativity. During this time he also contributed to the problems of the theory of radiation and statistical mechanics.

In the 1920s, Einstein embarked on the construction of unified field theories, although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, and he persevered with this work in America. He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the quantum theory of a monatomic gas and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology.

Einstein’s more important works include Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1938). Among his non-scientific works, About Zionism (1930), Why War? (1933), My Philosophy (1934), and Out of My Later Years (1950) are perhaps the most important.

Albert Einstein received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy from many European and American universities. During the 1920’s he lectured in Europe, America and the Far East, and he was awarded Fellowships or Memberships of all the leading scientific academies throughout the world. He gained numerous awards in recognition of his work, including the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1925, and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1935.


Address:Eighty Mile Beach Road, Wallal Downs Station, Wallal
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -19.779721
Long: 120.640391
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:People
Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au