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Chinese PioneersPrint Page Print this page

22-January-2019 (Heather Stevens)
22-January-2019 (Heather Stevens)

Photographs supplied by Heather Stevens / Henry Moulds

The garden commemorates the Chinese pioneers of Manilla.

Location

Address:197 Manilla Street, Manilla Heritage Museum, Royce Cottage, Manilla, 2346
State:NSW
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -30.746605
Long: 150.719981
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Garden
Monument Theme:Landscape
Sub-Theme:Settlement

Dedication

Front Inscription

Plaque :

This Garden honours the
Chinese Pioneers
whose involvement in
market gardening, tobacco farming
with tin and gold mining
helped to make Manilla
a thriving community.

Plaque :

All the deceased came from Quandong Province, whose capital is Guangzhou (Canton).
The principal spoken language is Cantonese but in the counties, there are many dialects such as Hakka, Say Yap, Zhongshan and Chiuzhou. 
The date of death is the first line of each headstone and was recorded from the Lunar Calendar, the dates begin from the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the proclamation of the Chinese Republic by Dr Sun Yat Sen in 1911.
The second line in each headstone gives the name of the deceased person.
The third line on each headstone tells of the city, town or village in the Guandong Province from where the deceased person came.
The red coloured character in the middle line on one of the smaller headstones denotes a General.
He probably held this rank in the Qing Dynasty and after the defeat of the Emperor, the General Lee Kam Min seemingly took refuge in Manilla to rebuild his fortune.

Plaque :

The Society gratefully acknowledge 
the assistance of Mr Bing R. C. Chen in
the translating of these historic tablets
and to Manilla Shire Council for permission
to stand these headstones at Royce Cottage.

Also to the Manilla Art Group and
Mrs Joan Jack of Golden Dragon Museum
Bendigo for their assistance in this
Heritage Project.

 

Source: MA
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