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Federation HousePrint Page Print this page

10-August-2021
10-August-2021

Photographs supplied by Paul Scott

Sir Richard Chaffey Baker's former house in the Lincoln College was restored and renamed Federation House to commemorate the centenary of Federation. 

Sir Richard took a strong interest in the proposed federation of the Australian colonies in the 1880s and 1890s, and prepared A Manual of Reference to Authorities for the Use of the Members of the Sydney Constitutional Convention, which was published early in 1891 and distributed at the convention of that year. It influenced to some extent the first draft of the Constitution of Australia, which was drawn up as a result of the 1891 convention. Baker continued his involvement throughout the decade, and was elected as a representative of South Australia at the 1897 convention, where he served as chairman of committees and as a member of the constitutional committee.

With the onset of federation in 1901, Baker left his post as President of the Legislative Council and chose instead to run for the Australian Senate as a Free Trade Party candidate. He was successful in this move, and when parliament met, was elected as the first President of the Australian Senate. He was re-elected in 1903, and retired from politics in 1906.

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. They kept the systems of government (and the bicameral legislatures) that they had developed as separate colonies, but they also agreed to have a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole nation. When the Constitution of Australia came into force, on 1 January 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Location

Address:Brougham Place, Lincoln College, North Adelaide , 5006
State:SA
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -34.908649
Long: 138.599201
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Plaque
Monument Theme:Government
Sub-Theme:Federal
Actual Event Start Date:01-January-1901
Actual Event End Date:01-January-2001

Dedication

Actual Monument Dedication Date:Saturday 7th April, 2001
Front Inscription

Federation House

This house was from 1872 until 1911 the home of Hon. Sir Richard Chaffey Baker K. C. M. G., K. C.,

Member of the Legislative Council from 1877 and President from 1893 - 1901, 

Member of the 1891 and 1897 - 8 Constitutional Conventions and, after Federation, President of the Senate from 1901 - 1905 in the new Commonwealth of Australia.

This building was restored, and on 7th April 2001 renamed Federation House, to celebrate the Centenary of Federation.

Source: MA, ADB
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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