200th Anniversary of the Parramatta Female FactoryPrint Page Print this page


Photographs supplied by Heather Stevens

The monument commemorates the 200th anniversary of the laying of the foundation stone of the Parramatta Female Factory by Governpr Macquarie in 1818.  The Parramatta Female Factory operated from 1818 to 1848.

The memorial lists the christian names of those who were assigned to the factory. 

The Female Factory was commissioned by Governor Lachlan Macquarie and designed by Francis Greenway. It was a complex of sandstone buildings enclosed within 15 foot high sandstone walls with the main 3 storey sleeping barrack at the centre flanked to the rear and front by workrooms, kitchens, staff residences and various ancillary buildings.

The Female Factory was a response to house and employ unassigned convict women. It also served as a place of punishment, medical facility, refuge and depot. Designed to accommodate 300 women, at its peak in 1842 some 1,203 women and 263 children were in residence.

Situated on a 4 acre allotment bordering the upper reaches of the Parramatta River, by 1838 its footprint doubled to that of about 8 acres with the addition of a 3 storey 72 cell penitentiary range completed in 1839.


Address:Greenup Drive, Parramatta Female Factory Precinct, North Parramatta, 2151
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -33.803191
Long: 151.000082
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Government
Actual Event Start Date:
Approx. Event Start Date:1818
Actual Event End Date:
Approx. Event End Date:1848


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Saturday 7th July, 2018
Front Inscription

[ Names ]

Left Side Inscription

               1818 - 1848

The first purpose built Female Factory was established on this
site in July 1818 by Governor Lachlan Macquarie.

The Female Factory at Parramatta was the destination for all
unassigned convict women, including those with young
children, sent to the colony of New South Wales.

It was an assignment depot, refuge, workhouse, marriage
bureau, hospital and place of punishment and an early health
service for convict women and free women, with nursing
provided by convict women.

It was called a factory because the convict women worked here
- spinning, making textiles, sewing, knitting, straw plaiting,
washing and cleaning.  The women under punishment broke
            rocks and picked oakum.

The Parramatta Female Factory operated from 1821 until its
             closure in 1848.

     Parramatta Female Factory

The plaque commemorates the 200th anniversary of the laying
of the Foundation Stone by Governor Macquarie

Back Inscription
Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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