Goyder`s LinePrint Page Print this page


Photographs supplied by Stephen Warren

The memorial, erected by the Royal Geographic Society of South Australia in 1983,  commemorates Goyder`s Line drawn by Surveyor-General Goyder in 1865 defining the boundary between areas of reasonable and minimal and marginal rainfall.

Note: The Royal Geographical Society of South Australia is actively involved in the establishment of monuments and memorials in memory of the explorers and geographers of South Australia. 

Goyder`s Line was a line drawn by Surveyor-General Goyder defining the boundary between areas of reasonable and minimal and marginal rainfall. When pastoralists complained during the severe drought of 1863 -1866, Goyder went north to reassess their properties. The first eighteen valuations carried out by Goyder were published in the Adelaide Express in September 1864.

His line of travel, which amounted to nearly 5,000 kilometres on horseback, marked off the line of drought and became known as Goyder`s Line of Rainfall. He drew a line indicating the limit of the rainfall which coincided with the southern boundary of saltbush country. It separated lands suitable for agriculture from those fit for pastoral use only. It also marked areas of reliable and unreliable annual rainfall. Not all agreed with his Line and some even called it Goyder`s line of foolery.


Address:Birdseye Highway, Cleve, 5640
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -33.690247
Long: 136.439222
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Disaster


Approx. Monument Dedication Date:1983
Front Inscription

Goyder's Line

In 1865 Surveyor-General George Woodroffe Goyder marked on the map of South Australia a line delineating drought - affected country.

The line, which passes through this area, became an important factor in settlement in this State, being regarded as an indication of the limits of lands considered safe for agricultural development.

Erected by the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (S. A. Branch ) Inc. & the District Council of Cleve with financial assistance from the State Heritage Fund. 


Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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