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25-July-2022 (Henry Moulds)
25-July-2022 (Henry Moulds)

Photographs supplied by Arthur Garland / Henry Moulds

The Pine tree commemorates those who have served in conflicts in which Australia has been involved. The tree was planted by Mr & Mrs Robert Dear to commemorate their sacrifice of the loss of their children. Their sons Robert and Ken lost their lives in World War Two and their daughter Mona who served in World War Two died at a later date. 

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

The Shrine of Remembrance's Pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.


Address:Thompson & Bourke Streets, Albert Park, Cootamundra, 2590
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -34.637707
Long: 148.029421
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Monday 11th November, 1968
Front Inscription

Plaque :

Aleppo Pine

From the original Lone Pine on Gallipoli

Grown in the Jubilee Year 1965

Planted in memory of departed comrades

Lest We Forget

Plaque :

Mr and Mrs Robert Dear were asked to plant this tree to commemorate their sacrifice to the cause of freedom by the loss of their sons Robert and Ken and their daughter Mona during and as a result of World War II

R W F Edwards  Mayor
J Samuels DFC  Shire Clerk

11 November 1968


Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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