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Photographs supplied by Tom Bird

The pine tree commemorates those who served in World War One. Pines which are planted as a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who fought in Gallipoli are also known as "Lone Pines" or "Gallipoli Pines", referencing the original tree.

 A simple ceremony— the planting of a tree— by the curator of the Albury Botanic Gardens (Mr. J. E. R. Fellowes), on Saturday touched the hearts of the several hundred spectators who stood around. The tree will be a monument to recall memories of the deeds of Anzacs. The seedling comes from the family of lofty pines which shade the cemeteries of Australian dead on the shores of Gallipoli. When a few inches high, it was obtained by Mr. Fellowes four years ago from the late curator of the Sydney Botanic Gardens. With careful nursing it grew in height and strength, and it is now more than three feet. Mr. Fellowes, as he set the roots of the seedling in the earth, said he planted the tree on behalf of the Returned Soldiers' League- in memory of those who were buried on Lone Pine Ridge.
Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW), 1 May 1936.

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

The Shrine of Remembrance's Pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.


Address:Wodonga Place & Smollett Street, Albury Botanical Gardens, Albury, 2640
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -36.081103
Long: 146.910158
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Actual Event Start Date:04-August-1914
Actual Event End Date:28-June-1919


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Saturday 25th April, 1936
Front Inscription

Pinus brutia
Calabrian Pine

A seedling from the Lone Pine of Gallipoli

Planted on behalf of the Albury Branch of the R.S.S.I.L.A. by J. E. R. Fellowes (Curator)

ANZAC Day 1936.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au