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Photographs supplied by John Huth

The Pine tree commemorates those who fought in the Battle of Lone Pine during World War One and was planted on the 90th anniversary of the ANZAC Landing. 

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.


Address:Bunya Avenue, , Bunya Mountains, 4405
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -26.881605
Long: 151.597448
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Monday 25th April, 2005
Front Inscription

                      LONE PINE 

Lone Pine or Plateau 400 was the scene of a major
offensive launched by 1st Australian Infantry Division
on 6 August 1915. The Turks had cut down all but one
of the trees (Aleppo Pine, Pinus halipensis) on the ridge
  to use as overhead cover for their trenches.
In the three days of mainly hand to hand fighting the 1st Div
lost more than 2000 men, Turkish losses exceeded 7000.  
Seven Victoria Crossses were awarded for heroism.

This tree is a descendant of the original Lone Pine
and was planted by the residents of the Bunya Mountains
on the 90th anniversary on the ANZAC Landing.
                   25th April 2005

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au