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Belarus Memorial Print Page Print this page

23-September-2015
23-September-2015

Photographs supplied by Sandra Brown
A monument commemorates the Jews who were massacred by the Nazis and their collaborators after the occupation of Belarus during World War Two.

In June 1941, at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, there were 670,000 Jews on the Polish side and 405,000 Jews on the Soviet side of Belarus. On 8 July 1941 the SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich gave the order for all male Jews in the occupied territory – between the ages of 15 and 45 – to be shot on sight as Soviet partisans. By August, the victims targeted in the shootings included women, children, and the elderly. The German police battalions as well as the Einsatzgruppen carried out the first wave of killings. The role of the Belarusian Auxiliary Police, established on 7 July 1941, was crucial in the totality of procedures, as only they – wrote Martin Dean – knew the identity of the Jews. In the Holocaust by bullet, no less than 800,000 Jews perished in the territory of modern-day Belarus.

The Holocaust was a genocide in which Adolf Hitler'`s Nazi Germany and its collaborators killed about six million Jews. The victims included 1.5 million children and represented about two-thirds of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe. Some definitions of the Holocaust include the additional five million non-Jewish victims of Nazi mass murders bringing the total to about 11 million.

Location

Address:50 Browns Road, Melbourne Chevra Kadisha Springvale Cemetery, Noble Park North, 3174
State:VIC
Area:Foreign
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -37.945607
Long: 145.187837
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
View Google Map

Details

Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Conflict
Sub-Theme:Genocide

Dedication

Approx. Monument Dedication Date:Circa 2015
Front Inscription

IN HONOUR 
AND RECOGNITION 
OF OVER 800,000 JEWS 
FROM BELARUS, 
YOUNG AND OLD, 
FIGHTERS AND CHILDREN, 
WHO WERE MASSACRED 
BY THE NAZIS AND 
THEIR COLLABORATORS
1941 -1945 
THEY WILL NEVER
BE FORGOTTEN

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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