Angus McMillan ExpeditionPrint Page Print this page

A cairn at the summit of Tom`s Gap (Cap) indicates that Angus McMillan was first able to see the port he had been seeking from this spot. There is an error in the date inscribed on the monument as it should be 1841 not 1840. 

Angus McMillan (14 August 1810 - 18 May 1865),was an explorer and pioneer pastoralist in Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. The Victorian Federal electorate McMillan is named for him. McMillan completed several expeditions, and while he was not necessarily the first to visit many locations, his explorations were the most important in terms of European settlement of Gippsland proper. In 1841, on the final of his early expeditions he located a suitable port for the region, at present day Port Albert.

Note : As at 21-July-2015, the plaque is no longer attached to the monument.

Public interest in Angus McMillan and Sir Paul Edmund de Strzelecki was initiated in a 1920`s campaign to recognise the European explorers in Victoria, and a chain of commemorative cairns was erected across the region. McMillan’s contribution to the region was also conferred in naming the Federal Electoral Division of McMillan in 1948, which includes original lands of the Gunai Kurnai in west and south Gippsland.

The view of McMillan as heroic explorer and pioneer was disrupted in the late 1970`s when historian Peter Gardner highlighted the extent of the frontier conflict in Gippsland, naming McMillan as a key figure. The attack on the Brataualung camped at Warrigal Creek following the murder of Ronald Macalister in 1843 was the foremost of several incidents that resulted in the loss of Gunai Kurnai lives. Historian Don Watson named McMillan as the leader of the ‘Highland Brigade’, a group of Gaelic-speaking Scotsmen who conducted reprisals against the Gunai Kurnai.  The extent of McMillan’s leadership of these conflicts has been contested although his own accounts indicate that he was involved.

McMillan was responsible for raising fears of a European woman held captive by the Gunai Kurnai, firstly in 1840 and again in 1846 - 47. Little was made of the earlier claim, but in 1846 with the European population of Port Phillip District expanding and frontier conflict a matter of public anxiety, McMillan’s reports sparked a heightened reaction to the missing ‘White Woman of Gippsland’. Two search parties travelled throughout Gippsland, bringing much disruption and more violent deaths to the Gunai Kurnai despite there being no firm evidence of a kidnapping.



Address:Tom`s Cap Road, Toms`s Cap, Willung South , 3844
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -38.322742
Long: 146.796189
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Landscape
Actual Event STart Date:19-January-1841
Actual Event End Date:19-January-1841


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Thursday 7th April, 1927
Front Inscription

From this spot on the 19th January 1840, Angus McMillan sighted the port he had been seeking and the fertile lands of South Gippsland. 

Source: MED,RUMV
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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