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Baudin ExpeditionPrint Page Print this page

25-October-2014
25-October-2014

Photographs supplied by Bryan Hardy

A bust of Nicholas Baudin commemorates the Bi-centennial of the Baudin expedition.

The Baudin expedition of 1800 to 1803 was a French expedition to map the coast of Australia. Nicolas Baudin was selected as leader in October 1800. The expedition started with two ships, Géographe, captained by Baudin, and Naturaliste captained by Jacques Hamelin, and was accompanied by nine zoologists and botanists, including Jean Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour.

The expedition reached Australia in May 1801. In April 1802 they encountered the British ship Investigator captained by Matthew Flinders, also engaged in charting the coastline, in Encounter Bay in what is now South Australia. The expedition later stopped at the British colony of Sydney for supplies, where Baudin bought a new ship Casuarina.  From there he sent Naturaliste back to France, carrying all the specimens that the expedition had collected to that point. From Sydney, the remaining ships headed to Tasmania, before continuing north to Timor. On their way home the ships stopped in Mauritius, where Baudin died of tuberculosis.

 

Location

Address:Marine Drive , Middleton Beach near Roadside Lookout at the Boardwalk , Albany, 6330
State:WA
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -35.029429
Long: 117.920943
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Landscape
Sub-Theme:Exploration
Actual Event STart Date:19-October-1800
Approx. Event End Date:1804
Monument Designer:Peter Gelenscer
Monument Manufacturer:Kurandy Castings

Dedication

Actual Monument Dedication Date:Sunday 16th March, 2003
Front Inscription

Government of France

Baudin Expedition to Terra Australis (1800 - 1804)

On the 19th October 1800, the Baudin Expedition set sail from Le Havre in Normandy, France with two ships, the Géographe and the Naturaliste.  Captain Nicolas Baudin`s second-in-command was Emmanuel Hamelin.  25 scientists were engaged from the domains of astronomy, botany, zoology, mineralogy, horticulture and geography.

The ships anchored at present day Geographe Bay on 31st May 1801.  First contacts were made here with the Indigenous peoples.  Midshipman Vasse was drowned, Separated by storms the two Captains charted the Wa coast independently, from Cape Leeuwin to Joseph Bonaparte Gulf, including the Swan River and Heirisson Island, named for one of the ship`s officers. Both ships carried out extensive work at Shark Bay.

Baudin`s Expedition secured the most valuable natural history collection of its time - more than 200,000 specimens of flora and fauna were collect of which 2542 were new to science, doubling the number of known species.  It was the first time that live animals were transportedm which later formed a small Australian zoo at the Empress Josephin`s summer palce at Malmaison on the outskirts of Paris.

The Expedition was responsible for hundreds of French place names in Australia, of which about 240 are still in use in WA.  Baudin charted nearly two thirds of the Australian coastline, filling gaps on the rudimentary Dutch maps, making the first detailed charts of the west and north west coasts of Western Australia and of the south-eastern coast of Van Diemen`s Land.

A celebrated chance encounter on the 8th april 1802 with Matthew Flinders gave the named to Encounter Bay, SA. After resting in the young colony at Port Jackson, Baudin returned to WA, carrying out extensive research at King George Sound.  Baudin died of tuberclosis on 16th September 1803 at Ile de France (Mauritius) on the return journey.  The Expedition now under the command of Milius returned to Lorient in Brittanny in March 1804.

Terra Australis 2001 WA Association Inc  Centenary of Federation Western Australia

 

 

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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