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Captain James Cook ExpeditionPrint Page Print this page

11-June-2016
11-June-2016

Photographs supplied by Sandra Brown

A monument commemorates the naming of Point Hicks by Captain James Cook after Zachary Hicks who was the first European to sight the east coast of Australia on Cook`s voyage of 1770.  

Captain Hicks was James Cook`s senior lieutenant. There has been some dispute as to whether Zachary Hicks actually saw Point Hicks or whether he saw Ram Head about 20 kilometres further up the coast.  Although Cook named the promontory Point Hicks it was changed to Cape Everard in 1843 and did not return to Point Hicks until it was renamed in 1970.  

There was some doubt to whether this was Cook`s first landfall in Australia in 1770, because Cook had not taken account of crossing the International Date Line when recording his log. Therefore it was not challenged when the cape was later named Everard. In the lead up to Cooks bi-centenary, research was undertaken and the case was presented successfully to restore the rightful name.

Captain James Cook claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia for Great Britain on 22 August 1770, naming eastern Australia, 'New South Wales.'
 

Location

Address:Point Hicks Road, Lighthouse Track, Point Hicks Lighthouse, Tamboon, 3880
State:VIC
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -37.802898
Long: 149.275461
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
View Google Map

Details

Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Landscape
Sub-Theme:Exploration
Actual Event STart Date:19-April-1770
Actual Event End Date:20-April-1770

Dedication

Front Inscription

Lieutenant James Cook R.N.
    Of The Endeavour
First Sighted Australia Near This Point
      Which He Named
          Point Hicks
After Lieutenant Zachary Hicks
Who First Saw The Land.

April 19th (Ship`s Log Date)
April 20th (Calendar Date)
            1770.

Source: MA,RHSV
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
Exploration
Exploration
Settlement
Settlement
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