Lark Force Print Page
Plaque commemorates the personnel of "Lark Force" which defended Rabaul during World War Two, and those who were killed during the sinking of the Montevideo Maru.
The "Rabual and Montevideo Maru Memorial" in the Australian War Memorial grounds also commemorates this event..
|Address:||Fairbairn & Limestone Avenues, Australian War Memorial Sculpture Garden, Campbell, 2612|
|GPS Coordinates:||Lat: -35.279626|
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
|Actual Event STart Date:||03-September-1939|
|Actual Event End Date:||15-August-1945|
Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, was attacked by Japanese forces in January 1942. It was defended by "Lark Force", which was made up of the 2/22nd Battalion, a detachment of the New Guinea Volunteer Rifles, anti-aircraft, anti-tank and heavy artillery batteries, along with army medical and supply units and 24 Squadron RAAF. Despite a gallant defence, "Lark Force" was quickly overwhelmed by a much stronger enemy. Some escaped, but most of the Australians who survived the battle and the massacre at Toll Plantation became prisoners of war.
In July most of the "Lark Force" prisoners and Australian civilian internees, together with members of the 1st Independent Company AIF - captured while escaping from nearby New Ireland - were evacuated aboard the Montevideo Maru. Tragically, a US submarine torpedoed the ship in the South China Sea. Over 1,050 prisoners were lost.
Dedicated by the 2/22nd Battalion "Lark Force" Association, in honour of those who lost heir lives on New Britain and at sea on the Montevideo Maru.