Netherlands East Indies Army - RAAF Flying UnitsPrint Page Print this page

Photographs supplied by Peter F Williams

Plaque commemorates the Dutch flying units established in Canberra during World War Two. 


Address:Federal Highway, RAAF Memorial Grove, Majura, 2609
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -35.211571
Long: 149.190164
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Plaque
Monument Theme:Conflict
Approx. Event Start Date:1942
Approx. Event End Date:1945


Approx. Monument Dedication Date:February-2003
Front Inscription

This plaque commemorates the Dutch flying units established in Canberra during WW11.
• No. 18 (N.E.I. ) Squadron RAAF,
  formed on 4 April 1942
• No. 120 (N.E.I) Squadron RAAF,
  formed on 1 Septemner 1943
•Personnel and Equipment Pool (PEP),
 formed on 1 September 1943
It recognises the commitment of all Dutch and Australian personnel who served in these units and honours those among them who died in the Pacific war. 
During WW11 Dutch servicemen from Indonesia (then the Netherlands East Indies) formed three flying units in Canberra - No. 18 Squadron with B25 Mitchell bombers, No. 120 Squadron with P40 Kittyhawk fighters, and a support unit (the Personnel and Equipment Pool) which flew both aircraft types at Fairbairn until war`s end. Operating as Dutch units within the RAAF, they flew Dutch owned aircraft, were commanded by Dutch officers, were part-manned by RAAF personnel and under RAAF operational control. 
During 1943-45, 18 Squadron Mitchells flew from Batchelor and other northern airfields on reconaissance, bombing and anti-shipping missions in and around the Timor and Arafura Seas. No. 120 Squadron operated mostly from Merauke in West New Guinea , flying air defence, anti-shipping and ground attack missions. Their efforts helped establish vital allied air and maritime superiority in the region, but the cost was high, with combined losses of 119 men, both Dutch and Australian by war`s end. 
                               LEST WE FORGET 
                                                       ROYAL NETHERLANDS EMBASSY 
                                                        FEBRUARY 2003 
Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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