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Photographs supplied by Glen Yeomans / Murray Unkovich / Russell Byers

The Lone Pine tree planted by the Duke of Gloucester in 1934 commemorates those who served in World War One.

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.


Address:Limestone Avenue, Australian War Memorial, Campbell, 2612
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -35.280383
Long: 149.146633
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Wednesday 24th October, 1934
Front Inscription

Allepo Pine   Pinus Halepensis
Planted by H.R.H. THE DUKE OF GLOUCESTER K.G., P.C., K.T., K.P., G.C.V.O.
24th October 1934.

After the capture of the Lone Pine Ridge in Gallipoli (6th August 1915), an Australian soldier who had taken part in the attacack, in which his brother was killed, found a cone on one of the branches used by the Turks for overhead cover for their trenches, and sent it to his mother.

From seed shed by it she raised this tree which she presented to be planted in the War Memorial gorunds in honour of her own and other`s sons who fell at Lone Pine.

Back Inscription

This tree grew from a pine cone collected by an Australian soldier at Lone Pine on Gallipoli.  His own brother had died in the attack there on 6 August 1915, and afterwards he found the cone on the branches used by the Turks as overhead cover for their trenches.  He sent it to his mother, who  in time presented the tree to the Memorial in honour of her own son and others who fell at Lone Pine.

The artist Bertram Mackennal was so moved by the Australians` bravery and sacrifice on Gallipoli that he wanted to honour the Australians who fought there.  His sculpture, War,  portaying Bellona, a Roman goddess of war, was presented to the Commonwealth of Australia in 1920 as a tribute to the gallantry of the Australian soldiers in the First World War.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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