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Lone Pine Tree
Lone Pine Tree

Photographs supplied by Diane Watson

The tree commemorates those who served in World War One.

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Seedlings grown from the cones were planted at the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne and at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. Seedlings were also planted in Victoria at Wattle Park, the Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens as well as Inverell in New South Wales. 

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.


Address:Old College Road, Littleton Park, Gatton, 4343
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -27.553333
Long: 152.279167
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Actual Event STart Date:04-August-1914
Actual Event End Date:28-June-1919


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Thursday 19th May, 2005
Front Inscription

The Lone Pine Tree.
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis)  
Planted by the friends of Littleton Park
A Greening Lockyer Project.
19 May 2005

This tree has been grown from seed taken from the Lone Pine Tree at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

After the capture of the Lone Pine ridge on Gallipoli in August 1915, an Australian soldier whose brother had been killed in the attack found a pine cone among the logs used to roof the Turkish trenches. He sent the cone home to his mother as a memento of their loss. From seed shed by it she raised a tree which was presented to the Australian War Memorial in honour of her son and other`s sons who fell at Lone PIne. 


Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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