H.M.A.S. Parramatta Bow MemorialPrint Page
The H.M.A.S Parramatta Bow Memorial commemorates the HMAS Parramatta (1) for its service during World War One and its part in the establishment of naval forces in Australia.
The wreck of the former HMAS Parramatta is remarkable for its early associations with the establishment of Commonwealth Naval forces. A torpedo boat destroyer (TBD), Parramatta was the first of six built to serve as fast hunters of the "River" Class, a modification of the British "I" Class destroyer. This class was the last British warship designed with an external rudder system. With Pennant Number "55" painted on the bow, Parramatta was the first of the Australian group built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering at Govan, Scotland in 1910. It was also the first to arrive in Australian waters.
With the outbreak of war in 1914, Parramatta (I) immediately saw active service in German New Guinea serving with the Australian fleet led by HMAS Australia (I). During 1914, Parramatta (I) steamed 193 miles (310.6 kilometres) up the dangerous Sepik River in New Guinea in search of enemy vessels. Parramatta spent much of 1915 and 1916 enforcing shipping movements in the western Pacific. In mid-1917 the whole destroyer flotilla was sent to the Mediterranean and based at Brindisi, Italy, on Adriatic patrols to seek out enemy submarines.
On 12 November 1918, Paramatta (I) was part of the Allied fleet that entered the Dardanelles after Turkey agreed to an armistice. After the war, the destroyers sailed to England for leave, then returned to Australia. Here they were individually decommissioned between 1919 and 1928.
In 1972, the Naval Historical Society of Australia began a project to recover the bow and stern for a memorial to the vessel and its later namesakes (Parramatta (2) and Parramatta (3), and Australian naval history generally. However, funding and other constraints delayed the project with the stern finally being mounted in Queens Park, Parramatta in 1981 and the bow at Garden Island in 1986.
|Address:||Royal Australian Navy Heritage Centre, Garden Island Naval Base, Garden Island, 2011|
|GPS Coordinates:||Lat: -33.858589|
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
|Actual Event STart Date:||04-August-1914|
|Actual Event End Date:||28-June-1919|
|Actual Monument Dedication Date:||Friday 3rd October, 1986|
HMAS PARRAMATTA TORPEDO BOAT DESTROYER
FIRST SHIP BUILT FOR THE AUSTRALIAN NAVY
DISPLACEMENT 700 TONS LENGTH 246FT BEAM 24¼FT
ARMAMENT ONE 4 THREE 12 PRD GUNS THREE 18 IN
TORPEDO TUBES 18000 SHP STEAM TURBINES 27 KNOTS
BUILDERS FAIRFIELD SHIPBUILDING & ENGINEERING CO LTD
GOVAN LAID DOWN 17 MARCH 1909 LAUNCHED 9 FEBRUARY
1910 COMMISSIONED 1 SEPTEMBER 1910 PAID OF 20 APRIL
1928 COMPLEMENT 7 OFFICERS AND 46 SAILORS
THE BOW AND STERN OF THE SHIP WERE SALVAGED
BY THE NAVAL HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA ON
26 JULY 1973
L J LIND BEM PRESIDENT
THE NAVAL HISTORICAL
SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA
THIS MEMORIAL TO THE FIRST NEW SHIP
FOR THE ROYAL AUSTRALIA NAVY
WAS UNVEILED BY
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS
THE PRINCE PHILIP DUKE OF EDINBURGH KG KT
ADMIRAL OF THE FLEET
ON 3 OCTOBER 1986