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East Timor Honour RollPrint Page Print this page

The honour roll commemorates those from the Australian Defence Forces who served in Timor-Leste (East Timor).

The Portuguese colony of East Timor was invaded by Indonesia in 1975. After almost a quarter-century of bloodshed in the territory, a new Indonesian government under President Habibie agreed to allow the East Timorese to vote on their future. A UN operation - the United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) - was established to organize and conduct the vote, which was held at the end of August 1999 and resulted in an overwhelming vote in favour of independence.
Tragically, once the result had been announced, pro-Indonesian militias, sometimes with the support of elements of the Indonesian security forces, launched a campaign of violence, looting and arson throughout the entire territory. Many East Timorese were killed, and as many as 500,000 were displaced from their homes, about half leaving the territory, in some cases under threat of violence.

On 19 October 1999, Indonesia formally recognised the result of the referendum. Shortly thereafter, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) was established as an integrated, multi-dimensional peacekeeping operation, fully responsible for the administration of East Timor during its transition to independence. The hand-over of command of military operations from Interfet to UNTAET was completed on 28 February 2000. Australia has continued to support the UN peacekeeping operation with between 1,500 and 2,000 personnel, as well as landing craft and Blackhawk helicopters. Australia remains the largest contributor of personnel to the peacekeeping mission.

Location

Address:101 Burke Street, ANZAC Memorial Club, Ayr, 4807
State:QLD
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -19.572498
Long: 147.400086
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Honour Roll
Monument Theme:Conflict
Sub-Theme:Timor-Leste
Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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