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Port Arthur Settlement
Port Arthur Settlement

Photographs supplied by Kent Watson

A plaque commemorates the founding of Port Arthur and the closing of the settlement.

Port Arthur Penal Settlement was named in honour of Lieutenant Governor George Arthur, and began in 1830 as a punishment-oriented timber station. With the progressive addition of further industries, tailored for heavy and light labour, Port Arthur held a key position within the colony's judicial system until its closure in 1877.

Replacing Macquarie Harbour and Maria Island as the primary source of secondary punishment, Port Arthur's 47-year operation was due largely to its geographical isolation and the availability of natural resources. Chief among these was timber, and harvesting was carried out until the 1870s. Scattered outcrops of sandstone and dolerite provided other materials for construction, tracts of land stretching back from the cove providing agricultural and farming land for supplementing rations.

Location

Address:Champ Street, Port Arthur, 7182
State:TAS
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -43.147307
Long: 147.848573
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Plaque
Monument Theme:Landscape
Sub-Theme:Settlement

Dedication

Actual Monument Dedication Date:Sunday 2nd October, 1977
Front Inscription

TO COMMEMORATE THE FOUNDING OF PORT ARTHUR, NAMED IN HONOUR OF HIS EXCELLENCY COLONEL GEORGE ARTHUR
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND IN SEPTEMBER, 1830 AND THE CLOSING OF THE SETTLEMENT, SEPTEMBER 1877.

UNVEILED BY HIS EXCELLENCY THE HON. SIR STANLEY BURBURY K.C.V.O, K.B.E., GOVERNOR OF TASMANIA

2ND OCTOBER, 1977.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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