Sir Douglas MawsonPrint Page
Mawson Place commemorates the sailing of Sir Douglas Mawson on his Antartic voyages of 1911 and 1930.
Mawson’s 1911–1914 expedition successfully charted Antarctic coastline, investigated the ocean between Australia and Antarctica and examined Macquarie Island.
On 8 January 1912 Sir Douglas Mawson landed on the Antarctic continent after a journey from Hobart that took 36 days aboard the Aurora, a ship of just 612 tons. The vessel departed for Macquarie Island on December 2, 1911, arriving on December 11 after surviving stormy weather during the crossing. A second vessel, the Toroa, followed with supplies and passengers. Departing Macquarie Island on December 23, the Aurora began exploring the coastal areas, during which the vessel and its men discovered and named King George V Land and Queen Mary Land.
Key members of the expedition included Frank Hurley as official photographer, Frank Wild as leader of the western base, Charles Hoadley as geologist, and Cecil Madigan as meteorologist. The expedition built their main base, or winter quarters, at Cape Denison in Commonwealth Bay, where eighteen men spent the winter of 1912 and seven spent the winter of 1913.
Mawson, Mertz and Ninnis’s Far Eastern Journey departed Main Base in November 1912, on what would become a tragic and yet inspiring feat of courage and determination to return with the data and specimens the party set out to collect. Ninnis died from plummeting down a crevasse, with many of the supplies. Mertz perished from physical exertion, starvation and possibly toxicity from eating dogs’ livers. The loss of these popular expeditioners must have taken an enormous emotional toll on Mawson, as he struggled alone for 30 days, arriving at Main Base in February 1913.
|Address:||Argyle & Davey Streets, Mawson Place, Hobart, 7000|
|GPS Coordinates:||Lat: -42.882741|
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
|Approx. Event Start Date:||1913|
|Approx. Event End Date:||2013|
Named to commemorate the sailing from Hobart by Dr Douglas Mawson on two famous antarctic voyages :
2 December 1911
Australasian antarctice Expedition (AAE)
22 November 1930
British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE)
The bais of Australia's claim to Antarctic Territory