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Hungarian Revolution
Hungarian Revolution

Photographs supplied by Kent Watson / Graeme Saunders

A monument commemorates Hungarians who died in the attempted Hungarian revolution.

In 1956, Communist Hungary was convulsed by a revolution against the Soviet imposed political and economic system. Following a brief period of liberalisation under Imre Nagy, folllowing Stalin`s death in 1953, Hungary`s Communist party returned to a Stalinist line. By the middle of 1956 there was considerable instability in the leadership.

On October 16th University students in Szeged formed an independent league. They were rapidly joined by students from around the country. By October 24th popular demonstrations had led to the collapse of the government. Independent student organisations and workers` councils had formed all over Hungary.

However by early November Soviet tolerance was at an end, and on November 4th Soviet and other Warsaw Pact troops invaded the country. In the resulting counter-revolution strikes were banned, activists were imprisoned and some were executed.

At least 3,000 died and 13,000 were sent to the camps. Over 200,000 fled the country.

The bird on top of the monument is the "Turul" which represents the god's power and will. The Turul was seen as the ancestor of Attila, and it was also the symbol of the Huns. It is often represented carrying the flaming Sword of God (sword of Attila), and bearing a crown. This crown is linked to Attila who is traditionally considered the first king of Hungary.


Address:College Crescent, Melbourne General Cemetery, Parkville, 3052
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -37.791667
Long: 144.962222
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Government
Approx. Event Start Date:1956
Approx. Event End Date:1956


Front Inscription

In memory of the Hungarian Heroes on the 10th anniversary of their freedom fight.  

Erected by the Council of Australian Hungarians from Transylvania with the co-operation of the Australian Hungarians.

Emelte a Magyar Hosok emeekere AZ 1955 - OS szabadsagharc tiz eves evfordulo ja alkalm val a magyarsag tamogatasaval, az Ausztraliai erdelyi magyar szovetseg.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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