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Kanaka Memorial Print Page Print this page

15-December-2014
15-December-2014

Photographs supplied by Diane Watson

A monument commemorates the hardships and sacrifices made by the ancestors of South Sea Islanders who were transported to Queensland to work as indentured labour in mainly the sugar and cotton plantations. Symbols of their land and culture were chosen by their descendants and cast in bronze on the memorial.

Between 1863 and 1904 some 50,000 Kanakas were “blackbirded” from the Polynesian Islands to labour in the Queensland cane fields. Approximately 14,800 of these were located between Bundaberg and Maryborough. They were harshly treated, suffered disease, poorly fed and death rates were 400% higher than white Australian workers. Despite these terrible conditions they helped forge the Australian sugar industry which has since its inception played a major role in the economic development of Australia

Location

Address:Richmond Street, Mary River Parklands, Maryborough, 4650
State:QLD
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -25.538107
Long: 152.705512
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Monument
Monument Theme:Culture
Sub-Theme:Community
Monument Designer:Sue McLean & Trevor Spohr

Dedication

Left Side Inscription

SOUTH SEA ISLANDERS IN MARYBOROUGH
History
(History Details)
Today :
South Sea Islanders descendants continue to live and work in the region. Their culture remains strong and they continue to maintain links with their islands of origins. The monument is is recognition of the hard work and the sacrifices our ancestors endured.
THE MARYBOROUGH KANAKA MEMORIAL
The tragedies and prosperity that the trade in human cargo bought to our shores commands a poweful place in our history. Kanakas landing in Maryborough came from 3 South Pacific island groups, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
Kanakas walking from the black-birding ships moored at the wharf on the river below passed this place on their way to be registered at the Maryborough Customs House.
These black marble boulders were taken from the ancient sea site at Chillagoe in north west Queensland. The sea that eroded the boulders also lapped the shores of the islands from where the Kanakas came.
The boulders are split as were the lives and families of these people. Symbols of their lands and culture were chosen by their descendants and cast in bronze. Placed in the heart of the rocks, these important images
celebrate the places from where they came, the cultures they left behind and the enrichment of our lives today.
This tribute is a cooperative project between Maryborough City Council and Daralata Australian South Sea Islander Association representing the the South Sea Islander groups.

The concept was developed by artists Sue McLean and Trevor Spohr in consultation with the Daralata Australian South Sea Islander Association. The rocks were found by Sue McLean. The bronzes were modelled in clay by Trevor Spohr and cast by Matilda Foundry.
SYMBOLS ON THE MEMORIAL:
Solomon Islands
Nuzu Nuzu
A powerful spiritual messenger
A helper for paddling canoes
Provides safe travel over water
The Dove
Represents peace

New Caledonia
Fleche Fatiere  Home of Ancestral Spirits
Conch Shells    Voice of Ancestors
Spear Points    Protection from bad spirits

Vanuatu
The Pig's tusk and the Namele leaf represent
Prosperity and peace respectively.

 

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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