Newcastle IndustriesPrint Page
This plaque was originally located on Braye Park Hill, Waratah overlooking many of the manufacturing and industry sites mentioned on the plaque. Unfortunately, the plaque was stolen several years after being placed. A new plaque was manufactured and placed in its present location in August 2007. Most of the Industries mentioned have since closed.
Newcastle with its heavy industry, steel works and plentiful coal supply played a vital role during World War Two providing much of the essential war materials and weapons required.
|Address:||Wharf Road, Harbour Foreshore, Newcastle, 2300|
|GPS Coordinates:||Lat: -32.925813|
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
|Approx. Event Start Date:||1945|
|Approx. Event End Date:||1995|
|Approx. Monument Dedication Date:||2007|
THIS PLAQUE HONOURS THE CONTRIBUTION OF NEWCASTLE`S INDUSTRIES AND THEIR EMPLOYEES TO WORLD WAR 11. THEY WORKED 24 HOURS A DAY TO SUPPLY THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL AND MILITARY NEEDS, MAKING AUSTRALIA LESS RELIANT ON IMPORTS.
BHP - Ferro alloys, magnesium, ferro-zirconium, tungsten carbide
Lysaghts - Portable aircraft hangers, pontoons machetes, nose cap spinners for Beaufort and Mosquito aircraft. Owen machine guns, bullet proof steel plate and steel for helmets, aircraft and Anderson air raid shelters for Britain.
Rylands - Barbed wire used at Tobruk and Singapore, and wire for telephone field cables, gun parts, aircraft bolts, and anti-submarine and torpedo nets including the net that captured a Japanese submarine in Sydney Harbour in 1942.
Stewarts and Lloyds - 18, 25, and 60 pounder, 6 inch naval, 4, 5 and 6 inch howitzer, 5·5 and 3·7 inch anti-aircraft shells, and tubes for 3·7 inch anti-aircraft guns, Bofors and 25 pounder guns.
Commonwealth Steel - 180 types of special steel including Australia’s first stainless steel and 2 million steel helmets for the Australian, New Zealand and Indian armies.
Newcastle Chemical Company - Chemicals to aid industries and drugs to fight tropical diseases.
Goninan - Refrigeration barges, Bren gun carrier parts
H.R. Hayman and Sutcliffe Manufacturing - More than 2 million articles of military clothing.
Also involved in the war effort were Henry Lane, Sulphide Corporation and Cardiff Railway Workshops.
In 1943, BHP and related industries employed 17,500 compared to 3,800 in 1932. The war saw women work in heavy industry for the first time, in February 1942 at Rylands and in August at BHP. About 2,000 women were employed between 1942–1945