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Lone Pine Plaque : 30-August-2014
Lone Pine Plaque : 30-August-2014

Photographs supplied by Sandra Brown

The Lone Pine Tree was planted to commemorate those who served at Gallipoli in World War One and all those who have sinced served in conflicts in which Australia has been involved.

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.

Location

Address:O`Connell Street (near George Street), Murray Gardens, Parramatta Park, Parramatta, 2150
State:NSW
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -33.812754
Long: 151.000045
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Sub-Theme:Multiple
Link:http://www.warmemorialsregister.nsw…

Dedication

Front Inscription

THIS TREE (PINUS HALOPENSIS) ALEPPO PINE
A DIRECT DESCENDANT OF "THE LONE PINE"
OF GALLIPOLI FAME WAS PLANTED 1 MARCH 1988
TO COMMEMORATE THE SACRIFICES OF THOSE
AUSTRALIANS WHO SERVED AT GALLIPOLI AND
ALL WHO HAVE SINCE SERVED OUR NATION IN
THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AND WORLD PEACE
                   LEST WE FORGET
CITY OF PARRAMATTA SUB-BRANCH RETURNED
  AND SERVICES LEAGUE OF AUSTRALIA

Source: SKP,NRWM, MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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