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Gallipoli PinePrint Page Print this page

10-November-2013
10-November-2013

Photographs supplied by Graeme Saunders

The Pine Tree commemorates those who have died in service or killed in action during World War One. 

The Lone Pine was a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915. Pines which are planted as a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who fought in Gallipoli are also known as "Lone Pines" or "Gallipoli Pines", referencing the original tree.

Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Seedlings grown from the cones were planted at the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne and at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. Seedlings were also planted in Victoria at Wattle Park, the Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens as well as Inverell in New South Wales.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.

 

Location

Address:Cliff Street, Botanic Gardens, Portland, 3305
State:VIC
Area:AUS
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -38.353659
Long: 141.611717
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Details

Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Sub-Theme:WW1

Dedication

Approx. Monument Dedication Date:1992
Front Inscription

GALLIPOLI PINE

Pinus Halepensis - Aleppo Pine
      Donated By
      Portland RSL
In Memory Of Fallen Comrades
           1992

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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